Some of the latest news from the EIROs
ESO, 16 April 2014 A Study in Scarlet This new image from ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile reveals a cloud of hydrogen called Gum 41. In the middle of this little-known nebula, brilliant hot young stars are giving off energetic radiation that causes the surrounding hydrogen to glow with a characteristic red hue.
ILL, 16 April 2014 Searching for Dark Energy with Neutrons All the particles we know to exist make up only about five per cent of the mass and energy of the universe. The rest – “Dark Matter” and “Dark Energy” – remains mysterious. A European collaboration led by researchers from the Vienna University of Technology has now carried out extremely sensitive measurements of gravitational effects at very small distances at the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) in Grenoble.
European XFEL, 16 April 2014 Paving the way to accessing handedness An international team of researchers—led by scientists at European XFEL, a new major research facility under construction in Hamburg, Germany—have implemented a method of identifying and measuring spiraling, or circularly polarized, X-ray light, which could open largely unexplored areas of chemistry and other fields of applied science.
ESRF, 15 April 2014 325-million-year-old shark fossils reveal new insight into jaw evolution Using X-rays at the European Synchrotron (ESRF) to image the ancient fossil, scientists have shown that living sharks are actually quite advanced in evolutionary terms - even though they have retained their basic ‘sharkiness’ over millions of years.
ESO, 9 April 2014 Chance Meeting Creates Celestial Diamond Ring Astronomers using ESO’s Very Large Telescope in Chile have captured this eye-catching image of planetary nebula PN A66 33 — usually known as Abell 33. Created when an aging star blew off its outer layers, this beautiful blue bubble is, by chance, aligned with a foreground star, and bears an uncanny resemblance to a diamond engagement ring.
ILL, 7 April 2014 Quantum melting Researchers from Switzerland, Britain, France and China have specifically altered the magnetic structure of the material TlCuCl3 by exposing it to a varying external pressure at different temperatures. By performing neutron-scattering measurements, they could observe what happens during a quantum phase transition.
European XFEL, 2 April 2014 European XFEL celebrates the International Year of Crystallography European XFEL is participating in several events in the International Year of Crystallography, as designated by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). The celebration marks the centenary of the discovery of the technique by German physicist Max von Laue.
ILL, 31 March 2014 New gel to promote bone growth on orthopaedic and dental implants A research group at Uppsala University, Sweden has developed a new responsive coating for implants used in surgery to improve their integration into bone and to prevent rejection. Neutron scattering experiments at the ILL have shown how a protein that promotes bone growth binds to this surface and can be released in a controlled way.